What are the ecosystem services provided by forests?

What are the ecosystem services provided by forests?

The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include:

  • goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts.
  • ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat.
  • social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and spirituality.

What are the components of a forest ecosystem?

Forests consist not only of living (biotic) components like trees, animals, plants, and other living things but also of nonliving (abiotic) components such as soil, water, air, and landforms. All of these components together make up a forest ecosystem.

What is a cultural ecosystem service of forests?

Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES) are the non-material benefits people obtain from nature. They include recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, physical and mental health benefits and spiritual experiences. They contribute to a sense of place, foster social cohesion and are essential for human health and well-being.

What are examples of cultural services?

The non-material benefits people obtain from ecosystems are called 'cultural services'. They include aesthetic inspiration, cultural identity, sense of home, and spiritual experience related to the natural environment. Typically, opportunities for tourism and for recreation are also considered within the group.

Why are forest ecosystems important?

Why forests are important for the climate Forests are a barrier against erosion, landslides and avalanches. The roots of trees give the soil the structure it needs to absorb and retain water when it rains, avoiding floods that would otherwise wash away perfectly fertile soil, which we need in order to grow food.

What are the direct benefits of forest?

Direct Advantages : Forests provide timber for construction purposes, furniture, toys, railway sleepers, sports goods, and wood carving ; and softwood, bamboo, and grass for pulp, paper, and plywood.

What are the indirect uses of forest?

Uses of Forests: 5 Main Indirect Uses of Forests

  • Prevention and control of soil erosion: Forests play a significant role in the prevention and control of soil erosion by water and wind. ...
  • Flood Control: ADVERTISEMENTS: ...
  • Checks on spread of deserts: ...
  • Increase of soil fertility: ...
  • Effect on Climate:

What are the direct and indirect benefits of forest explain?

Forests provide timber for construction purposes furniture toys railway sleepers sports goods and wood carving ; and softwood bamboo and grass for pulp paper and plywood. 2. Forests also provide products such as fruits flowers medicinal herbs and plants beeswax honey turpentine oil lac and resin. 3.

What do you mean by forest management?

Forest management is the process of planning and implementing practices for the stewardship and use of forests to meet specific environmental, economic, social and cultural objectives. It deals with the administrative, economic, legal, social, technical and scientific aspects of managing natural and planted forests.

What will be the effect of the development of forest?

Forest improves the environment in many ways such as: Relative humidity of air is increased. increase fertility of surface soil. These add large quantities of organic matter in soil by which water and nutrient holding capacity of soil is increased.

What are the function of forest resources?

Forests are among the most diverse and widespread ecosystems on earth, and have many functions: they provide timber and other forest products; have cultural values; deliver recreation benefits and ecosystem services, including regulation of soil, air and water; are reservoirs for biodiversity; and act as carbon sinks.

What is the main function of forest?

Protective function - the forest has a stabilising effect onthe natural environment (water circulation, precipitation, aircirculation, temperature, global and micro-climate, soil erosion prevention). It creates the conditions sustaining biodiversity and enhances the conditions of agricultural production.

What is the protective function of forest?

One of the most important protective function of forests is related to soil and water resources. Forests conserve water by increasing infiltration, reducing runoff velocity and surface erosion, and decreasing sedimentation (which is particularly relevant behind dams and in irrigation systems).

Do states manage national forests?

Although Congress has ultimate authority over federal lands under the Property Clause, states have legal authority to manage federal lands within their borders to the extent that Congress has chosen to give them such authority.