What is the structure of flower?

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What is the structure of flower?

A typical flower has four main parts—or whorls—known as the calyx, corolla, androecium, and gynoecium (Figure 1). The outermost whorl of the flower has green, leafy structures known as sepals. The sepals, collectively called the calyx, help to protect the unopened bud.

What is the description of flower?

(Entry 1 of 2) 1a : the specialized part of an angiospermous plant that occurs singly or in clusters, possesses whorls of often colorful petals or sepals, and bears the reproductive structures (such as stamens or pistils) involved in the development of seeds and fruit : blossom.

What are the features of flowers?

Flower is a reproductive organ of the angiosperm plant that contains thalamus and floral leaves. A typical flower consists of four types of floral leaves called sepals, petals, stamens and carpels in distinct whorls normally known as calyx, corolla, androecium and gynoecium respectively.

What is the importance of flowers?

Flowers' importance in nature is everywhere—they can feed insects, birds, animals and humans; provide natural medicines for humans and some animals; and aid in a plant's reproduction by enticing outside pollinators. Without flowers, plants would merely be green, and the world would be a duller place.

Why are the flowers so bright and beautiful?

Plants have a number of different means to attract pollinators, with bright, showy colors being one of the most common ways to maximize their visual effect. Flowers, in essence, are attention getters. They are like advertisement signs for pollinators. ... Instead, the flower's fragrance attracts these pollinators.

Why are flowers different colors?

The most common pigments in flowers come in the form of anthocyanins. These pigments range in color from white to red to blue to yellow to purple and even black and brown. ... Anthocyanins and carotenoids are the main sources of flower coloration, but there are other factors that can affect how colors present themselves.

Why are petals colored?

Petals are usually brightly coloured because they attract insects. Flowers produce the sweet smell and bright coloured petals, which increases the chances of pollination. ... Flowers provide nectar to insects which results in insects pollinating in exchange.

Why petals are Colourful and attractive?

Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. They are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Together, all of the petals of a flower are called corolla.

Why do flowers have different colors and scents?

Color comes from a flower's hereditary genome. These genomes determine what pigments a flower will have, and pigments yield different colors. ... Bees and flies pollinate sweet smelling flowers, while flowers with spicy or musty scents attract beetles for pollination.