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What are 3 symptoms of the plague?
Signs and symptoms include:
- Fever and chills.
- Extreme weakness.
- Abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting.
- Bleeding from your mouth, nose or rectum, or under your skin.
- Blackening and death of tissue (gangrene) in your extremities, most commonly your fingers, toes and nose.
What does Yersinia pestis cause?
Plague is a disease that affects humans and other mammals. It is caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Humans usually get plague after being bitten by a rodent flea that is carrying the plague bacterium or by handling an animal infected with plague.
How is Yersinia pestis treated?
Streptomycin is the most effective antibiotic against Y. pestis and the drug of choice for treatment of plague, particularly the pneumonic form (2-6).
Does bubonic plague still exist today?
An outbreak of the bubonic plague in China has led to worry that the “Black Death” could make a significant return. But experts say the disease isn't nearly as deadly as it was, thanks to antibiotics.
Is Black Plague same as bubonic plague?
Victorian scientists dubbed it the Black Death. As far as most people are concerned, the Black Death was bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis, a flea-borne bacterial disease of rodents that jumped to humans. But two epidemiologists from Liverpool University say we've got it all wrong.
What is bubonic plague pandemic?
The Black Death was a devastating global epidemic of bubonic plague that struck Europe and Asia in the mid-1300s. The plague arrived in Europe in October 1347, when 12 ships from the Black Sea docked at the Sicilian port of Messina.
What antibiotics treat bubonic plague?
Antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline, or ciprofloxacin are used to treat plague. Oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support are usually also needed.
How long does Yersinia pestis last?
How long can plague bacteria exist in the environment? Yersinia pestis is easily destroyed by sunlight and drying. Even so, when released into air, the bacterium will survive for up to one hour, depending on conditions.
Does penicillin cure bubonic plague?
Studies of experimental bubonic plague in laboratory animals have demonstrated efficacy for a number of antibiotics, including quinolones, such as ciprofloxacin (25, 26, 35, 36) and ofloxacin (2, 25, 35); penicillins, such as ampicillin (5, 35) and amoxicillin (2); rifampin (28, 35); broad-spectrum cephalosporins, such ...
What is a major side effect of tetracyclines?
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, mouth sores, black hairy tongue, sore throat, dizziness, headache, or rectal discomfort may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Did anyone survive the plague?
Sharon DeWitte examines skeletal remains to find clues on survivors of 14th-century medieval plague. A new study suggests that people who survived the medieval mass-killing plague known as the Black Death lived significantly longer and were healthier than people who lived before the epidemic struck in 1347.
What year was bubonic plague?
Why does flu start in China?
Most influenza viruses that infect humans seem to originate in parts of Asia, where close contact between livestock and people creates a hospitable environment for mutation and transmission of viruses.
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